Waste management developing towards a circular economy
Preventing the generation of waste
The choices made by residents play a major role in preventing the generation of waste. You can make an environmentally friendly decision by selecting products with a long service life and multiple uses whose production has not consumed lots of materials or carbon-based energy. Composting biowaste, sorting waste materials and recycling are opportunities for a waste producer to make an influence. By recycling, borrowing, sharing and repairing things, you can save both natural resources and money. With their choices, consumers can guide manufacturers to making products in line with the principles of sustainable development. Legislation is another tool for guiding companies in this direction.
Using waste as energy
The most significant environmental impacts of waste management, greenhouse gas emissions from landfills, have been reduced in several ways. The greatest impact is achieved by using mixed household waste as energy instead of taking it to a landfill, thereby producing energy that helps reduce the use of fossil fuels. The landfill disposal of waste containing more than 10% of organic materials ended on 1 January 2016, and the only waste that is now taken to landfills includes various types of mineral waste, industrial process waste suitable for landfills as well as reject materials from treatment plants. Investments are also made in the collection of landfill gas, so that the gas from waste taken to the landfill earlier can be collected and utilised in district heat production for Porvoo. The Rosk’n Roll waste management service transports household waste to the waste-to-energy plants in Vantaa and Kotka.
Recycling waste materials
By recycling waste, we can both reduce greenhouse gas emissions and save virgin materials. Good, extensive services will facilitate recycling and increase the amount of reused materials. In addition, the reduction and recycling of waste is promoted by means of active waste guidance and communications. Another way to make the circulation of materials and nutrients more efficient is the development of waste treatment at plants. As regards the recycling of food packaging materials, you can find collection points for glass, metal, cardboard and plastic at the RINKI eco points link below. You can also find other collection points for household waste on the Kierratys.info website. When a household manages to reduce the amount of mixed waste by recycling, it may apply for a longer emptying interval for the waste container.
Emissions from waste transport can be reduced by means of good planning and the use of environmentally friendly vehicles and modern technology. Waste collection and any further transports are planned in a way that allows for efficient implementation without any extra kilometres. In tendering competitions, transport contractors are required to use environmentally friendly technology, fuel consumption reporting and driving style training. A level measurement system has become established in the company’s operating area, with sensors installed in the containers to measure their filling level and automatically send an emptying order to the control system when necessary. The system has resulted in significant savings in emptying costs and reduced the emissions from transports by cutting down unnecessary driving. The system has also been extended to cardboard containers in eco points in the Porvoo region.
Residents are also offered individual waste management solutions suitable for various situations. One of these is the multiple compartment service. This means using a waste container with four compartments instead of a regular mixed waste container. The container has separate compartments for cardboard, glass, metal and mixed waste. The customer will get a separate container for paper. The multiple compartment service facilitates the daily use of the waste container and increases the reuse of recyclable waste.